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Pathophysiology

 

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2 items

Pain knowledge bank: GI microbiome in opioid-induced bowel dysfunction

Recent data from animal studies demonstrated that long-term morphine treatment significantly alters gut microbial composition, explains Professor Benoit Coffin

The quest for biomarkers in pain medicine: a long way to go, but the journey has begun

If identified, suitable pain biomarkers may offer a measurement of the biological processes that underlie the pain experience. Dr Emmanuel Bäckryd and colleagues review the current state of play regarding the identification of biomarkers for pain conditions

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